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    تجميعات جميله في البارا

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    المساهمات : 2529
    تاريخ التسجيل : 22/03/2010
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    تجميعات جميله في البارا

    مُساهمة من طرف admin في الإثنين مارس 19, 2012 4:52 pm

    Infection by eating meat :
    - Taenia saginata
    - Taenia solium
    - Trichinella spiralis
    - Toxoplasma





    Infection by eating fish :
    - Heterophyes
    - Metagonimus
    - D. latum
    - Paragonimus





    Infection by eating vegetables :
    - Fasciola gigantica + F. hepatica + Fasciolopsis buski
    - H.nana + cysticercosis + Hydatid disease
    - Ascaris + Toxocara + Enterobius + Trichocephalus + Strongyloids
    - Amoebic dysentry + Blantedial dysentry + Toxoplasma + cryptosporidium





    Autoinfection :
    - T.solium
    - H.nana
    - Enterobius
    - Strongyloides
    - All protozoan cysts
    - Leishmania Tropica

    =============================





    Parasites found in liver :
    - F. gigantica + F. hepatica (bile ducts)
    - Schistosoma haematobium + mansoni + japonicum (Portal vessels)
    - Hydatid cyst + Sparagnum + C.cellulosae + visceral larva migrans + Amoebic liver abcess (liver tissue)
    - L.donovani + Leishmania form of T.cruzi + Toxoplasma (RBCs)
    - Malaria E. E. schizonys (liver cells)





    Parasites found in lung :
    - Paragonimus
    - Hydatid cyst
    - C. cellulosae
    - VLM
    - Amoebic abcess
    - Toxoplasma





    Parasites found in brain :
    - Sparagnum
    - Hydatid cyst
    - C. cellulosae
    - VLM
    - Amoebic abcess
    - P.falciparumn
    - Trypanosomes
    - Toxoplasma





    Parasites found in eye :
    - Sparagnum
    - Hydatid cyst
    - C. cellulosae
    - VLM
    - P.falciparumn
    - Loa Loa
    - O.volvulus
    - Myasis
    - Toxoplasma
    - T.cruzi (Rornana's sign)
    - Phithirus pubis in eyelashes





    Parasites found in skin & subcutaneous tissue :
    - Sparagnum
    - Loa Loa
    - O.volvulus
    - C. cellulosae
    - Medina worm
    - Amoebic abcess
    - Bilharzial granuloma
    - L. tropica + L. braziliense
    - Leishmania donovani (dermal leishmanoides)
    - Polymorphic Trypanosomes (Trypanosome chancre)
    - T.cruzi (Chagoma)
    - Cutaneous myasis
    - Sarcoptes
    - Trombicula
    - Ecto-parasites : Bugs + Lice + fleas + Ticks


    Parasites found in muscles :
    - Sparagnum
    - Hydatid cyst
    - C. cellulosae
    - VLM
    - Trichinella cyst
    - Leishmanoid form of T. cruzi In heart muscle








    Parasites in which infection occurs through the skin :
    - Schistosomes
    - Hook worms
    - Sparagnum
    - Strongyloides
    - All members of family Filaridae
    - Cutaneous lava migrans
    - Swimmer's itch
    - Cutaneous myasis
    - Sarcotes scabiei
    - All diseases transmitted by mosquitoes : sand fly + Flies + Bugs + lice + fleas + Ticks ..... etc.


    Parasites found in urine :
    - S.haematobium eggs
    - S.mansoni eggs (5%)
    - Hydatid sand
    - Eggs of Entrobius in females
    - Microfilaria of W.bancrofti
    - L.danovani
    - T.vaginalis
    - Urinary myasis
    - Sarcoptes
    - Phthirus Pubies


    Parasites causing dysentry :
    - Amoebic dysentry
    - Blantidial dysentry
    - Bilharzial dysentry
    - L . donovani
    - P . falciparum











    Parasites causing diarrhea :
    - F . buski
    - Het . het.
    - Metagonimus
    - H . nana
    - Strngyloides
    - Trichinella
    - Hook worms
    - Giardia
    - Cryptosporidium





    Parasites affecting children :
    All parasites can affect children , but ! most common are :
    - S . haematobium + mansoni
    - H . nana
    - Entrobius
    - Giardia
    - Infantile Kala-azar
    - T.cruzi
    - Pediculosis
    - Myiasis
    - Scabies


    Parasites of small intestine :
    - Fascilipsis
    - Heterophyes
    - Metagonimus
    - D. latum
    - T . saginata
    - T. solium
    - D. caninum
    - H . nana
    - H. diminuta
    - Giardia
    - L. donovani
    - All intestinal nematodes except Entrobius & Tricocephalus


    Parasites of large intestine :
    - Entrobius
    - Trichocephalus
    - E. histolytica
    - Blatidium coli
    - Intestinal myiasis











    Parasites found in blood :
    - Schistosomes
    - Microfilaria + Malaria + Leishmania + Trypanosomes (appear in blood film)

    Parasites found in lymph nodes :
    - W. bancrofti
    - W. malayi
    - Sparagnum
    - Polymophic Trypanosome
    - L. donovani
    - Toxoplasma





    Parasites in Reticulo-Endothelial system :
    - L. donovani
    - L. tropica
    - L. braziliense
    - T. cruzi
    - Toxoplasma



    Cestode larvae found in man :
    - Sparagnum
    - C. cellulosae
    - Hydatid cyst
    - Custicercoid in H. nana

    =============================

    Role of dog :
    - Heteophyes
    - Metagonimus
    - D. latum
    - D . mansoni
    - Hydatid disease
    - D. caninum
    - Toxocara (VLM)
    - Cut. Larva migrans
    - L. donovani (reservoir)









    Role of rat :

    - H. diminuta
    - Trichinae
    - Plague
    - Murine





    Role of pig :
    - T. solium
    - Trichinella
    - Blantidium coli





    Helminthes transmitted by Arthropod vectors :
    (i) Cyclops : D. latum + D. mansoni + Medina worm

    (ii) Flies : D. caninum + H. diminuta

    (iii) Filaria :
    - W. bancrofti >> Culex pipiens
    - W. malayi >> mansonia & Anopheles
    - Loa Loa >> Chiysops
    - O. Volvulus >> Simulium

    (iv) Mechanical transmission of Helminth Ova by Musca










    Parasites came to Egypt after erection of High Dam :
    - Malignant Malaria : due to migration of Anaopheles Gambia from Sudan to Egypt .
    - O. volvulus : due to migration of Simulium from Sudan to Egypt .
    - Increased incidence of Bilharziasis due to change of irrigation system from basin to perennial irrigation


    Opportunistic parasites :
    - Toxoplasma
    - Cryptosporidium
    - Strongyloides










    Diagnostic tests using live antigens :
    - COPT
    - CHR
    - Pandit test
    - Sabin Feldman's dye test

    ===============================




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